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Better Democracy - with AI

Value-based Democracy instead of Party-based Democracy


Present Democracy - The Role of Parties

Politics in Germany is conducted through the interplay of the cabinet (Chancellor, ministers), the Bundestag, the Bundesrat, and the Federal President. Sovereignty over all these institutions is held by political parties since they ultimately determine the personnel composition of these state organs. The actual sovereign of our democracy - the citizen - delegates his political participation right to one of these parties every four years. His political participation is limited to this act. To make an electoral decision possible, the citizen can inform himself about the party programs and promises of the parties. However, their adherence is highly uncertain because parties can change and alter their previous basic attitudes. Another reason for a party's policy shift is that party program points become bargaining chips during coalition negotiations. If a party wants to be involved in a coalition government, this is only possible if it renounces parts of its agenda. Conversely, minor parties that have no chance of realizing their party program can at least implement part of their program through coalition agreements. Then, even a voter of a governing party is confronted with policies he wanted to avoid with his vote. These weaknesses of our current party-based democracy can only be remedied with the help of AI.


Potential of AI

Artificial intelligence has the ability to solve tasks that humans can only manage if they have undergone a long and demanding education. AI achieves this in seconds, while humans take hours or days. Moreover, AI works flawlessly with a perfection that humans are incapable of. Another aspect that favors the use of AI is its ability to make decisions based solely on objective facts and free from subjective influences. This inherent ability of AI is not only relevant for the quality of problem-solving. It also has the further advantage that the objectivity of the decision is recognized by all participants, and it is therefore unnecessary to seek further opinions and counter-expertise. This is not only relevant for individual cases but also shapes our societal and governmental concept. For example, in the judiciary, it could eliminate the need for multiple instances. Also, in many other areas, the use of AI could avoid the need for a complex system of checks and balances to ensure fairness. A much more significant advantage of AI is often overlooked: Many tasks and challenges of our modern civilization involve problems and questions that belong to various scientific disciplines. Because human intellect can fully master only one or at most two disciplines, this means that complex tasks cannot be solved by individuals. Solving a complex, interdisciplinary task requires employing several specialists with different competencies to cover all required knowledge. Such interdisciplinary complexity exists in many tasks in industrial, scientific, societal, and political areas. Complexity research, as an interdisciplinary science, uses both theoretical and practical approaches to provide assistance in managing complexity. However, it cannot solve the fundamental problem that a group of experts is not smarter or faster than the individual – since intelligence cannot be added up. Although dividing a task into several parts and processing them in parallel can shorten the time required, the time saved is often lost again because the individual partial solutions must be coordinated and integrated into a complete solution. Unlike human intellect, AI is not limited to fully mastering one or at most two disciplines. It possesses the entire knowledge of humanity and thus masters all demanding and qualified fields. This enables it to tackle highly complex tasks that previously could only be solved by specialists from various scientific disciplines and had to be divided into several subtasks. In contrast, AI can offer a solution that already takes into account the requirements of the individual areas from the start. This process does not take weeks or months but happens in real-time. This enables AI not only to provide a single solution but to present various equally perfect solution alternatives.


AI in Government

Government activity represents the most complex and extensive task. It not only has to regulate societal life in our country but also shape relations with our neighboring countries in such a way that wars are avoided. In the course of globalization, the factors to be considered have become so numerous due to interconnections and dependencies that they can no longer be fully grasped by the human intellect. The method previously practiced, of dividing this complex task among various ministries, often leads to their individual measures not being coordinated and neutralizing their effects on balance. The use of a government AI overcomes all these hurdles. In particular, it eliminates the detrimental influence of irrelevant party ideologies, which is unavoidable in a party-based democracy. Unlike this, AI is also able to develop a sustainable government concept that has lasting validity beyond short governmental cycles. It also prevents political zigzag courses of changing government coalitions.


Realizing Democracy

The political participation of the citizen in our representative democracy occurs by choosing among the parties that apply for the government office. In this selection, he tries to determine the party that he believes will act politically in a way that corresponds to his ideas and values. However, this reveals a fundamental problem: Due to the variety of tasks, politics affects not just one individual but a multitude of different values. The programmatic foundations of the competing parties thus each represent a pre-sorted package of values. Therefore, the voter only has the option of deciding for a combination of values assembled by the parties. Thus, a voter who, for example, wants to vote for a clean environment also promotes other goals represented by the favored party, thereby unintentionally establishing gender-neutral language and the legalization of marijuana. If he chooses a party that stands for adhering to the debt brake and a stable currency, he may also be promoting a restriction of asylum rights. Therefore, with his vote, the voter cannot express his political ideas. He is in the same situation as a restaurant guest who cannot choose individual dishes but only complete menus.


Democratic Options

Transferring government activity to AI offers the opportunity for the first time to actually realize the values of the people and transform them into concrete politics. This is possible by allowing the citizen to determine the values and priorities that should be decisive for political decisions instead of choosing parties. These specifications form the decision basis of AI. Thus, during the regular elections, the citizen does not delegate his political participation right to any party but specifies the values and priorities he wants to see realized in the political decisions of AI. He also determines their weighting, thereby instructing AI on the relevance these should have in the search for solutions. The citizen chooses, for example, the priority of security from a catalog of suggestions and assigns it a weighting in the range of 1 to 10. If a priority favored by the voter is not on the ballot, the citizen can add it individually. With this concept, all the inherent weaknesses of democracy are eliminated. In particular, the fundamental problem that the people are considered sovereign but lack the competence to exercise this function is solved. AI possesses this competence and will find a solution for all pending questions exclusively based on the rules of logic and without ideological orientation, fully taking into account the priorities and their weighting given by the voters.



AI does not act as an autonomous intelligence capable of developing its own consciousness in performing government tasks. The task assignment coupled with the voter-specified priority rules clearly limits its decision horizon. AI is therefore not able to pursue independent goals that run counter to the given priorities. This renders the concerns baseless that AI could produce results that would question the primacy of the human species. Such a programmed AI rather fulfills the function of an expert program equipped with outstanding abilities. The program's design prevents its inherent limitations from being circumvented. That AI's incorruptible operation cannot be corrupted can be ensured relatively easily and securely. AI's operation will not only follow the open-source principle. Moreover, AI itself will actively ensure in a continuous background process that its integrity is preserved and that decision-making is not influenced by irrelevant factors. To make all decisions comprehensible to the citizen, AI will also disclose which of the voter-specified values were relevant for a decision and how a change in weighting would lead to a different result. This will concretely show the voter how he must change his priorities in the next election to effect a different policy.


Optimization of Preventive Activities

Unlike a human-based government form, an AI government will not only act when there is urgent need for action and obvious deficiencies force political activity. Due to AI's superior speed and almost limitless capacity, it can continuously monitor all areas under state supervision and organization in a constant background process and adjust them to changed circumstances if necessary. AI has access to all data and parameters that are regularly registered and thus can also be permanently monitored by it. In contrast, a human-based government, due to capacity reasons, is only able to tackle deficiencies when they have become pronounced and obvious.



Ultimately, the establishment of AI governments could also fulfill the age-old human dream of a world without wars. This is only possible when governments are no longer formed by fallible humans but by AIs that resolve conflicts through a factual and emotion-free balancing of interests. It will certainly take some time before this vision becomes reality. Moreover, no AI capable of taking on this task is currently available. Therefore, the development of a government-capable artificial intelligence should begin with the highest priority. Initially, the parties will not be willing to relinquish their political power to it. They will still use AI and present its expertise as their own competence. This will at least result in a qualitative improvement in political decisions. Over time, the realization will prevail that political parties can be entirely dispensed with. The above-outlined future vision of an I-Government (Intelligent Government) will surely be realized one day. The only question is whether our civilization will last until then.


                     Copyright Peter Bezler 2022